Wednesday, August 5, 2009

Môi trường (5)

Danh sách những thành phố ô nhiễm nhất Hoa Kỳ năm 2009:(Theo Forbes)

image

A. 25 thành phố ô nhiễm nhất Hoa Kỳ năm 2009 - ngắn hạn(Worst Cities For Short-Term Particle Pollution)
1. Pittsburgh-New Castle, Pa.
2. Fresno-Madera, Calif.
3. Bakersfield, Calif.
4. Los Angeles-Long Beach-Riverside, Calif.
5. Birmingham-Hoover-Cullman, Ala.
6. Salt Lake City-Ogden-Clearfield, Utah
7. Sacramento-Arden-Arcade-Yuba City, Calif.-Nev.
8. Logan, Utah-Idaho
9. Chicago-Naperville-Michigan City, Ill.-Ind.-Wis. (tie)
9. Detroit-Warren-Flint, Mich. (tie)
11. Indianapolis-Anderson-Columbus, Ind.
12. Visalia-Porterville, Calif.
13. Eugene-Springfield, Ore.
14. Washington, D.C.-Baltimore-Northern Virginia, Md.-Va.-W.Va.
15. Hanford-Corcoran, Calif.
16. New York-Newark-Bridgeport, N.Y.-N.J.-Conn.-Pa.
17. Modesto, Calif.
18. Merced, Calif.
19. Louisville-Jefferson County-Elizabethtown-Scottsburg Ky.-Ind.
20. Philadelphia-Camden-Vineland, Pa.-N.J.-Del.-Md.
20. San Jose-San Francisco-Oakland, Calif.
22. Provo-Orem, Utah
23. San Diego-Carlsbad-San Marcos, Calif.
24. Harrisburg-Carlisle-Lebanon, Pa.
25. St. Louis-St. Charles-Farmington, Mo.-Ill.

Most polluted US cities
(By short-term particle pollution)

1. Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania
2. Fresno, California
3. Bakersfield, California
4. Los Angeles, California.
5. Birmingham, Alabama
6. Salt Lake City, Utah
7. Sacramento, California
8. Logan, Utah
9. Chicago, Illinois
9. Detroit, Michigan

Most polluted US cities
(By ozone pollution)

1. Los Angeles, California
2. Bakersfield, California
3. Visalia, California
4. Fresno, California
5. Houston, Texas
6. Sacramento, California.
7. Dallas-Fort Worth, Texas
8. Charlotte, North Carolina
9. Phoenix, Arizona
10. El Centro, California

Most polluted US cities
(By year-round particle pollution)

1. Bakersfield, California
2. Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania
3. Los Angeles, California
4. Visalia, California
5. Birmingham, Alabama
6. Hanford, California
7. Fresno, California
8. Cincinnati, Ohio
9. Detroit, Michigan
10. Cleveland, Ohio

http://www.citymayors.com/environment/polluted_uscities.html

Worst Cities For Year-Round PollutionB.25 thành phố ô nhiễm nhất Hoa Kỳ năm 2009 quanh năm(Worst Cities For Year-Round Particle Pollution)
1. Bakersfield, Calif.
2. Pittsburgh-New Castle, Pa.
3. Los Angeles-Long Beach-Riverside, Calif.
4. Visalia-Porterville, Calif.
5. Birmingham-Hoover-Cullman, Ala.
6. Hanford-Corcoran, Calif.
7. Fresno-Madera, Calif.
8. Cincinnati-Middletown-Wilmington, Ohio-Ky.-Ind.
9. Detroit-Warren-Flint, Mich.
10. Cleveland-Akron-Elyria, Ohio
11. Louisville-Jefferson County-Elizabethtown-Scottsburg, Ky.-Ind.
12. Huntington-Ashland, W.Va.-Ky.-Ohio
13. Charleston, W.Va.
14. Macon-Warner Robins-Fort Valley, Ga.
15. St. Louis-St. Charles-Farmington, Mo.-Ill.
16. Weirton-Steubenville, W.Va.-Ohio
17. Atlanta-Sandy Springs-Gainesville, Ga.-Ala.
18. Indianapolis-Anderson-Columbus, Ind.
19. Rome, Ga.
20. Canton-Massillon, Ohio
21. York-Hanover-Gettysburg, Pa.
22. Lancaster, Pa.
23. New York-Newark-Bridgeport, N.Y.-N.J.-Conn.-Pa.
24. Hagerstown-Martinsburg, Md.-W.Va.25. Houston-Baytown-
Huntsville, Texas

SLIDE HEDC.25 thành phố có tầng ozone ô nhiễm nhất Hoa Kỳ năm 2009(Worst Cities For Ozone Pollution)
1. Los Angeles-Long Beach-Riverside, Calif.
2. Bakersfield, Calif.
3. Visalia-Porterville, Calif.
4. Fresno-Madera, Calif.
5. Houston-Baytown-Huntsville, Texas
6. Sacramento-Arden-Arcade-Yuba City, Calif./Wash
7. Dallas-Fort Worth, Texas
8. Charlotte-Gastonia-Salisbury, N.C./S.C.
9. Phoenix-Mesa-Scottsdale, Ariz.
10. El Centro, Calif.
11. Hanford-Corcoran, Calif.
12. Las Vegas-Paradise-Pahrump, Nev.
13. San Diego-Carlsbad-San Marcos, Calif.
14. Washington, D.C.-Baltimore, Md.-Northern Virginia, Va./W.Va.
15. Cincinnati-Middletown-Wilmington, Ohio/Ky./Ind.
16. Philadelphia-Camden-Vineland, Pa/N.J./Del./Md.
17. St. Louis-St. Charles-Farmington, Mo./Ill.
18. New York-Newark-Bridgeport, N.Y./N.J./Conn./Pa.
19. Knoxville-Sevierville-La Follette, Tenn.
20. Birmingham-Hoover-Cullman, Ala.
21. Baton Rouge-Pierre Part, La.
22. Kansas City-Overland Park-Kansas City, Mo./Kan.
23. Atlanta-Sandy Springs-Gainesville, Ga./Ala.
24. Merced, Calif.
25. Memphis, Tenn./Miss./Ark.

The nation's 10 most polluted cities in terms of ozone.
CityStateAverage ozone level (2005-2006)
Los AngelesCA138.8
BakersfieldCA110.5
Visalia-PortervilleCA101.2
Fresno-MaderaCA62.7
HoustonTX53.7
SacramentoCA49.7
DallasTX38.8
CharlotteNC37
PhoenixAZ36.5
El CentroCA32.8
Source: American Lung Association

Dirt Devils
The nation's 10 most polluted cities by amount of particulates.
Metro areaStateAverage particles level (2005-2007)
BakersfieldCA20.3
PittsburghCA19.8
VisaliaCA19.3
BirminghamAL18.9
HanfordCA17.6
FresnoCA17.4
CincinnatiOH17.3
DetroitMI17.2
Los AngelesCA17.1
ClevelandOH16.8
Source: American Lung Assoication
http://www.forbes.com/2009/04/28/pollution-shortterm-air-lifestyle-health-shortterm-pollution_slide_5.html?thisSpeed=15000
http://www.census.gov/population/www/metroareas/lists/2007/List1.txt

D. 25 thành phố dơ nhất TG:

1: Baku, Azerbaijan

2: Dhaka, Bangladesh

3: Antananarivo, Madagascar

4: Port au Prince, Haiti

5: Mexico City, Mexico

6: Addis Ababa, Ethiopia

7: Mumbai, India

8: Baghdad, Iraq

9: Almaty, Kazakhstan

10: Brazzaville, Congo

11: Ndjamena, Chad

12: Dar es Salaam, Tanzania

13: Bangui, Central African Republic

14: Moscow, Russia

15: Ouagadougou, Burkina Faso

16: Bamako, Mali

17: Pointe Noire, Congo

18: Lome, Togo

19: Conakry, Guinea Republic

20: Nouakchott, Mauritania

21: Niamey, Niger

22: Luanda, Angola

23: Maputo, Mozambique

24: New Delhi, India

25: Port Harcourt, Nigeria

25 thành phố ô nhiễm nhất TG:(Theo Time)

  • Linfen, TQ
  • Tianying, TQ
  • Sukinda, Ấn Độ
  • Vapi, Ấn Độ
  • La Oroya, Peru
  • Dzerzhinsk, Nga
  • Norilsk, Nga
  • Chernobyl, Ukraine
  • Sumgayit, Azerbaijan
  • Kabwe, Zambia
  • Haina, Dominican Republic
  • Ranipet, India
  • Mayluu-Suu, Kyrgyzstan
  • Rudnaya Pristan, Nga
  • Yangquan, TQ
  • Datong, TQ
  • Ningxia Hui, TQ
  • Sanmenxia, Henan, TQ
  • Jinchang, Gansu, TQ
  • Shijiazhuang, Hebei, TQ
  • Xianyang, Shaanxi , TQ
  • Zhuzhou, Hunan, TQ
  • Luoyang, Henan, TQ
  • Beijing, TQ
  • Changchun, TQ
  • Wuhan, TQ

No comments:

Post a Comment

Post a Comment